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Vanillin?derived phosphorus?containing compounds and ammonium polyphosphate as green fire?resistant systems for epoxy resins with balanced properties

Flame retardants from vanillin when utilized together with ammonium polyphosphate (APP) yield excellent synergistic flame retardancy toward epoxy resins. Bisphenol A epoxy resins have been widely used due to their excellent mechanical properties, chemical resistance, electrical properties, adhesion, etc., while they are flammable. Environment?friendly and bio?based flame retardants have captured increasing attention due to their ecological necessity. In this paper, 3 bio?based flame retardants were synthesized from abundant and more importantly renewable vanillin, and their chemical structures were determined by 1H NMR and 13C NMR. They were used together with APP (an environment?friendly commercial flame retardant) to improve the fire resistance of bisphenol A epoxy resin. With the addition APP content of 15phr, the modified bisphenol A epoxy resin could reach UL?94V0 rating during vertical burning test and limit oxygen index values of above 35%, but reducing APP content to 10phr, the flame retardancy became very poor. With the total addition content of 10phr, the epoxy resins modified by 7 to 9phr APP and 1 to 3phr bio?based flame retardants with epoxy groups or more benzene rings showed excellent flame retardancy with UL?94V0 rating and limit oxygen index values of around 29%. The Tgs of the epoxy resins could be remained or even increased after introducing bio?based flame retardants, as the control; those of APP alone?modified epoxy resins compromised a lot. The green synergistic flame?retardant systems have a great potential to be used in high?performance materials.

» Author: Xiwei Xu, Sheng Wang, Songqi Ma, Wangchao Yuan, Qiong Li, Jie Feng, Jin Zhu

» Reference: doi:10.1002/pat.4461

» Publication Date: 08/10/2018

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This project has received funding from the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement n [310187].