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In-situ magnetic force microscopy analysis of magnetization and demagnetization behavior in Al3+ substituted Sr-hexaferrite

The sintering temperature of an Al3+ substituted Sr-hexaferrite composite was systematically varied from 1180?°C to 1280?°C resulting in different microstructures. The grain size was found to range from a few hundred nanometers to several hundred micrometers depending on Al content and sintering temperature. Adding an Al substituted powder to a commercial powder increased the coercivity from 360?mT to 470?mT, at the same time, decreasing remanence from 350?mT to 305?mT. Magnetization and demagnetization processes from the thermally demagnetized state (TDS) and DC-demagnetized state (DCD) have been investigated systematically by in-situ magnetic force microscopy (MFM) under magnetic field. From the surface domain contrast a polarization was derived which quantitatively matches the global i.e. bulk polarization obtained by superconducting quantum interface device (SQUID) magnetometry. The shape of the initial polarization curve and the polarization from the DCD state were correlated with the in-situ MFM data revealing a distinctly different magnetization behavior depending on grain size. The presented results enable a better understanding of local nucleation mechanisms, global influences of pinning centers and further opportunities to improve rare earth (RE) free permanent magnets based on ferrites.

» Author: F. Rhein, T. Helbig, V. Neu, M. Krispin, O. Gutfleisch

» Reference: Acta Materialia, Volume 146

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This project has received funding from the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement n° [310187].